With spring training not to far away, the Hot
Stove League will soon be over with and baseball talk will be in
the air.The words and phrases are spoken and written day after
day, year after year - generally without any wonderment as to
how they became part of the language. All have a history, a
story. For those of you who liked Part I, Part II, Part III, X,
XV and all the others and wanted more, here is more, just a
sampling. As always, reactions and suggestions always welcome.
And bear in mind - - this is by no means a complete list.
SPOT STARTER A pitcher called into action to start games
as the team needs him, as opposed to a regular starting pitcher.
SPRAY HITTER A batter who is able to hit the ball to all
SPRINGFIELD RIFLE Former star Yankee hurler Vic Raschi,
after his birthplace Springfield, Massachusetts.
SPUD Nickname for Yankee star hurler Spurgeon Ferdinand
Chandler, was easier for everyone.
SOUP Clarence Campbell who hit 3 home runs in the major
leagues, died on Feb. 16, 2000. He played in 104 games for the
Indians in 1941 and hit .250 with 3 home runs and 35 RBI.
STENGELESE The late and great Hall of Fame manager Casey
Stengel could say a mouthful. Herewith, a sampler:
"Butcher boy" =a chopped ground ball
"Embalmed" = sleeping
"Green pea" = rookie or unseasoned player
"He could squeeze your ear brows off" = a tough player
"Hold the gun" = I want to change pitchers
"Ned in the third reader" = naiveté
"Plumber" =a good fielder
"Road apple" = a bum
"Whiskey slick" = a playboy
"Worm killers" = low balls
A Stengelese Monologue -- Spring Training l955
"And now we come to Collins which may be an
outfielder. He played centerfield at Newark and also played
right field for me in the World Series. You can look it up, but
he had Novikoff on one side of him and someone else whose name I
have forgotten on the other but you can look it up. That should
prove he's a great outfielder in order to do it with them guys
on either side of him.
"There's a kid infielder named Richardson who
was in our rookie camp which he doesn't look like he can play
because he's as stiff as a stick--but whoosh--and the ball's
there and he does it so fast it would take some of them Sunshine
Park handicappers with the field glasses on to see him do it so
fast does he do it. He never misses. As soon as he misses a
ball, we'll send him back home
"We started out to get us a shortstop and now
we got eight of them. We don't fool, we don't. I ain't yet found
a way to play more than one man in each position although we can
shift them around and make them maybe outfielders outa them or
put 'em all at ketch like we done with Howard.
"You ask me what kind of ball club I want, one with power or one
with speed, well a lot of power but not too much, and a lot of
speed but not too much. The best club is the versatile club, the
one that has a homer hitter here and a bunter there, a fast ball
pitcher here and a change-of-pace pitcher there. That way, the
other team never knows what's going to hit it next."
At the Congressional hearings on baseball's
Reserve Clause, July 19, 1958:
"In Kankakee, Illinois or someplace like that,
I tore my suit sitting in the stands. . . now they've got good
"I got a little concern yesterday in the first
three innings when I saw the three players I had gotten rid of,
and I said when I lost nine what am I going to do and when I had
a couple of my players I thought so great of that did not do so
good up to the sixth inning I was more confused but I finally
had to go and call on a young man in Baltimore that we don't own
and the Yankees don't own him, and he is doing pretty good, and
I would actually have to tell you that we are more the Greta
Garbo type now from success.
"We are being hated, I mean from the ownership
and all, we are being hated. Every sport that gets too great or
one individual -- but if we made 27 cents and it pays to have a
winner at home, why would you have a good winner in your own
park if you were an owner?
"That is the result of baseball. An owner get most of the money
at home and it's up to him and his staff to do better or they
ought to be discharged."
THE STORK Gangly George Theodore, reserve outfielder New
York Mets in the early 1970s.
STRETCH ("Big Mac") Willie McCovey was a huge star for
the San Francisco Giants. His size was the reason for one of his
nick-names and the other was an abbreviation of his surname.
DR. STRANGELOVE First baseman Dick Stuart had some
SUB Former Yankee and Red Sox hurler Carl Mays, born in
1891 in Liberty, Kentucky threw to the plate with an underhanded
or submarine motion.
SULTAN OF SWAT One of the nicknames given to Babe
Ruth--Swat was once a principality but today is part of Pakistan
SQUIRE (or KNIGHT OF KENNETT SQUARE Herb Pennock came
from historic Kennett Square, PA an area of horsemen and fox
hunters. Pennock himself was an expert rider and a master of
STEADY EDDIE Trait of Eddie Murray who played For
Baltimore Orioles (1977-1988, 1996), Los Angeles Dodgers
(1989-1991, 1997), New York Mets (1992-1993), Cleveland Indians
(1994-1996), before finishing his career with the Baltimore
Orioles, Anaheim Angels and Los Angeles Dodgers (1996-1997)
New York Yankee broadcaster Mel Allen invented this rhyming name
for pitcher Eddie Lopat. A hard-working, consistent performer,
Lopat led the Yankee pitching staff five years in a row in
earned-run average (see JUNK MAN).
STICK Long time baseball "brain" Gene Michael when at
Kent State playing basketball had a lean and long appearance.
SUBWAY SERIES The term originated for New York City baseball
when players and fans traveled by subway to games. Back in 1889
the New York Times observed: "The competition between Brooklyn
and New York as regards baseball is unparalleled in the history
of the national game."
The competition may have been unparalleled but it was also
unequal. Throughout most of their history the Dodgers of
Brooklyn were a sad sack team. The Yankees were the royalty of
It was not until 1941 that the rivalry between
the two franchises reached fever pitch in the first Subway
Series. The results were predictable. The Yankees won. There was
another Brooklyn-New York Subway Series in 1947 - same result.
In 1949 - same result. In 1952, in 1953 - same results.
In 1955, it was again a Subway Series - Dodgers versus Yankees.
Brooklyn had lost all seven Series it had played - five of them
to the Bronx Bombers. Casey Stengel's Yankees took the first two
games. Since no team had ever won a seven-game World Series
after losing the first two games, Yankee fans were getting ready
to celebrate. And once again Dodger fans were trotting out their
poignant slogan: "Wait 'til Next Year."
But 1955 was Next Year! The Brooks pushed the Yankees to a
seventh game. And Johnny Padres threw a 2-0 complete game
shutout to give the Brooklyn Dodgers their first and only World
The precise moment was 3:43 P.M. on October 4, 1955. Brooklyn
streets were clogged with celebrating fans. Honking car horns,
clanging pots and pans, and shredded newspaper all punctuated
that one singular moment. There was joy in Flatbush. The hated
Yankees had been defeated.
However, all the celebrating was short-lived and bittersweet.
For in 1956,the last time there was a Subway Series, it was
Yanks over Dodgers in seven games. And in 1957 the Dodgers of
Brooklyn moved to Los Angeles.
Pretenders to the throne of "Subway Series"
have sprung up since then - - Yankees versus Los Angeles Dodgers
in transcoastal World Series. Even the "Shuttle Series" - - the
World Series of 1986 between the Boston Red Sox and New York
Mets. The name derived from the two cities that were linked by
commuter air-shuttle routes and shameless commercialism by
shuttle operators Eastern and Pan American.
The meeting between the Yankees and Mets in October 2000 was the
last real Subway Series for purists.
SUKEY Working with Branch Rickey, Clyde Sukeforth went to
scout Jackie Robinson as he played for the Kansas City Monarchs
in 1945. Robinson did not play in that game, but Sukeforth set
up a meeting between Robinson and Rickey. And the rest led to
the breaking of the color line in baseball.
"SUNDAY TEDDY Ted Lyons In 1939, White Sox manager Jimmy
Dykes started to use Lyons, who was 38 years old, only on Sunday
afternoons. This pattern was maintained through the '42 season,
with the veteran starting 21, 22, 22 and 20 games each year. The
veteran right-hander posted a fine 52-30 record for that span,
with a 2.96 ERA (he led the AL in ERA at the age of 41 in 1942,
with a 2.10 mark). Fans took to calling him "Sunday Teddy," and
belying his age, Lyons completed 72 of his 85 starts over those
SUPERCHIEF Most major league baseball players of Indian
descent somehow have been tagged with the nickname Chief. Allie
Reynolds, whose glory years were 1947-54 with the New York
Yankees, was no ordinary pitcher, but he was of Indian descent.
Thus the man born in Bethany, Oklahoma, was nicknamed Superchief.
SUPERJEW Born April 4, 1943, in the Bronx, New York, Mike
Epstein played for five different teams in an eight-year major
league baseball career. His religion and his size (6'4", 230
pounds) were the roots for his nickname.
SUPER SUB Chico Salmon spent 9 years in the Major Leagues
as a utility infielder. His first four seasons were with the
Indians where he played several different positions.
SWAMP BABY Charlie Wilson, born in
Clinton, South Carolina, appeared in 56 games over four seasons
in the major leagues. Wilson supposedly earned the nickname,
after he initiated a "prank" that flooded a baseball field so
that he could get a day off. This prank was immortalized in the
film, "Bull Durham." In 1931, Wilson hit 1 home run and drove in
11 runs for the Boston Braves.